A few weeks ago, Agrimoney.com reported that the Wasde report showed a hit to corn supplies that was the equivalent of wiping out the crops of both Canada and Russia. Then in early July, the USDA crop report came out suggesting a bumper crop in corn. Curiously, most of us who follow the fundamentals as well as the technicals were stunned by this new news.
I spoke with almost a dozen analysts for my article Hungry Hogs Lift Corn Prices which was published in Barron’s on June 27. Not one had mentioned the possibility of a bumper crop in corn. And these are guys who have people on the ground all over the world feeding them information.
Yesterday, agrimoney.com ran an article that suggested that the USDA was now going back on their original assessment and bringing their forecast back in line with the original Wasde report:
“Corn futures soared 3% in Chicago after US officials, citing China’s spate of import orders, curbed expectations for domestic supplies of the grain despite the largest sowings since World War II.
The US Department of Agriculture lifted estimates for corn inventories for both 2010-11 and next season, reflecting data two weeks ago showing farmers had planted far more of the crop than had been thought, and that stocks left over from last harvest were bigger than had been expected.
However, the increases were less than the market had been expecting, reflecting the impact of lower price expectations fostered by the raised supplies in stoking demand.”
If you can charge Goldman Sachs with price manipulation in crude oil, how is the USDA any different if they pull the same nonsense in the corn market?Continue Reading...
The trading environment is ripe for profits when the technicals and the fundamentals are in alignment. Admittedly, it is hard for the new trader to find good fundamentals. You can still follow the fundamental reports in the news and marry them with the price action.
Sugar is one such market. You can see in the chart above that it is in a strong uptrend. The fundamentals seem to show tightness as well. “Sugar prices exploded, hitting a five-month high in London, amid growing fears for Brazilian sugar output, which is expected to fall for the first time in more than a decade, with rising oil prices seen adding a further kicker.”
A trader needs to have his personal fundamentals and technicals in order too. It’s as important to know what you’re doing and why you’re doing it. That is the subject of my upcoming book. More on that later.
Traders like Michael Marcus or Jim Rogers who have expert level fundamental insight can trade on that information. They often put trades on long before the rest of the world takes action. They are likely to be long at the early stages of the move…when there is less certainty or proof that a move is underway or eminent.
I have a question for you: If someone allocated you $1MM in new assets for a separately managed account, how would you trade sugar? The answer is not “I would follow my rules.” A real client (someone in the know) will ask you what the expectation of a trade is for a late-stage rally, like the sugar chart above. The one you’ve been quoting people is the average expectation of all your trades.
Most of the “expert” system followers are either clueless or have a great deal of faith that a move will emerge. By buying early-stage breakouts you’re effectively saying that you have a great deal of faith that one will show up. But to say that fundamentals are not important is a completely ignorant thing to say. When you lose money trading a system, your mind will still ask “why” this happened. The answer to that question is a fundamental.
I think it’s much harder to admit the difficulty in understanding fundamentals or that it takes a decade to become proficient at understanding them, than to just trade new highs and pose as a commodity expert. Don’t kid yourself, the best commodity traders have a deep understanding of the world we live in and how commodity markets are affected by our consumption and production.
I bring this up b/c I had a conversation this weekend with someone who thought he was an expert systematized trend follower (his words, not mine). And maybe his is, but when I asked him if he was using that title/moniker to mask his insecurity about his ignorance about commodity fundamentals, he blanched, as if to say, “Please don’t ask me anything too technical about commodities.”
It’s true that you can trade without knowing too many fundamentals. My belief though is that unfortunate quote about “funnymentals” has been misinterpreted and misrepresented by would-be’s as meaning that fundamentals are not important. Nothing could be further from the truth.
You need to know build a robust trading system with Mechanica, but you need to understand the fundamentals also. Doing so will help you in your coding…
As a trader, it’s important to know why you say what you say and the emotions behind your statements. Having integrity with yourself is the first step to having it with your clients.Continue Reading...
Bono calls a blind fan from the audience up to the stage to play “All I Want Is You.” After the song, he gives the fan his green guitar.Continue Reading...
Here is my video interview with StockTwits founder Howard Lindzon about his new book The StockTwits Edge: 40 Actionable Trade Setups from Real Market Pros.
Michael Martin on Twitter
Howard Lindzon on TwitterContinue Reading...
This blog post is an adendum to my article Hungry Hogs Lift Corn Prices in Barron’s Commodities Corner column today, I included these charts in the original draft, but we had to pull them to make room for the text. You can click on any of the charts for larger and clearer images.
The chart above offers some perspective on the global hog market. China not only has more hogs than the next 43 pork-producing countries combined, China has 1.5 more hogs than there are Americans in the United States…and they all have to be fed. (Chart source: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization via the 2011 Milken Institute Global Conference).
This chart shows the disparity between hog prices in the United States versus those in China. The reasons why are delineated in the Barron’s article. This disparity is what can lead China to import our hogs and put duress on US lean hog prices. (Chart source: Arlon Group)
The chart above shows just how much China relies on the market to meet its need for soybeans. Once they import the soybeans, the beans are “crushed” as it’s said, to create soybean oil and soybean meal. A whopping 98% of the meal is used for the 20% blend in hog feed that I mention in the Barron’s article. [Soybean oil is used for human consumption: cooking oil and salad dressing, for example.]
At the end of the day, China has only 7% of the world’s arable land, yet they consume 20% of the world’s grain production. The delicate balance between grains (corn and soybean meal) and hogs means that one outlier event, or better, one more horrible estimate from the USDA/Wasde and the whole grains/hogs complex will go parabolic.
Erin FitzPatrick, a phenomenal grains analyst in her own right at Rabobank, has much tighter expectations for the already historically-low corn stocks-to-use ratio this season. Erin’s forecast is at 4.0% (I’m with her), whereas the USDA’s are at 5.2%. To put that into perspective, that means the US is going to finish this crop year with about 7-weeks supply.
In equities, you may hear the expression, “stocks are priced for perfection.” I think that is the case for corn and soybeans in the commodity futures market where we saw limit moves this past week. Non-directional volatility, or equity whipsaws, are the norm. Therefore, I would trade small and conservatively. Don’t be a hog.Continue Reading...